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Pfizer, Moderna COVID-19 vaccines may offer slightly greater protection during pregnancy than Johnson & Johnson vaccine

The Pfizer-BioNTech and Moderna COVID-19 vaccines may offer slightly more protection during pregnancy against SARS-CoV-2, compared to the Jansen/Johnson & Johnson vaccine, suggests a study funded by the National Institutes of Health. Vaccination during the first and third trimesters appears to result in higher antibody-stimulated immune responses than vaccination in the second trimester. It also may lead to greater transfer of antibodies from maternal blood to the placenta.

Children more likely to become friends when they sit next to each other in school

Even though they encounter multiple classmates during school each day, primary school children are much more likely to become friends with classmates they sit next to rather than other children in the class, a study funded by the National Institutes of Health suggests. The results imply that by assigning seats, teachers have a disproportionate influence on the friendships their students form. Until more research is available to inform seating decisions, the researchers advised teachers to consider their seating choices carefully.

Online tool helps protect adolescents from stress

A 30-minute, self-administered online training module can protect adolescents from unhealthy responses to stress and related mental health consequences, suggests research funded in part by the National Institutes of Health. Scientists designed the training module, known as the “synergistic mindsets intervention,” to empower adolescents to harness both stressful events and stress responses to support their goals.

NICHD recognizes updated safe infant sleep recommendations

The Safe to Sleep® campaign, a national effort to raise awareness about ways to reduce the risk of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) and other sleep-related infant deaths, is updating the campaign’s messages to reflect revised recommendations for safe infant sleep issued by the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP). The updates ensure that parents and caregivers have the latest information about evidence-based risk-reduction strategies.

Dr. Le Pichon profiled in this month’s NICHD Women in Science series

Claire Le Pichon, Ph.D., who leads the Unit on the Development of Neurodegeneration within the Division of Intramural Research, prizes individuality among the lab’s trainees; provides a fun, energetic environment for them to work in; and emphasizes curiosity about science. The lab strives to understand how different types of neurons cope with stress or injury across the lifespan.

Hormone prevents obesity in offspring of pregnant mice with obesity

Giving the hormone adiponectin to pregnant mice with obesity prevented later life obesity and related health conditions in their offspring, according to a study funded by the National Institutes of Health. The findings suggest that adiponectin, a hormone produced by fat cells, could play a role in reducing the lifelong obesity risk of children born to mothers with obesity during pregnancy.

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For links to NICHD funding opportunities, check Active Funding Opportunity Announcements for All NICHD.

 

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