On June 9, 2014 PAA and APC, in conjunction with the Office of Congressman Mike Honda, hosted a briefing on Capitol Hill “The War on Poverty: 50 Years Later and the Battle Continues.” This year marks the fifty year anniversary since President Johnson declared the War on Poverty. Nonetheless, 46.5 million Americans continue to live in poverty. To most effectively address poverty, we need to better understand who is poor and how well current federal assistance programs address their needs.
The briefing featured presentations by national experts who explained how we measure poverty, what we know about the current picture of poverty in America, and how well certain federal programs are working to improve the lives of poor and working poor Americans.
- Dr. Kathleen Short, U.S. Census Bureau – Measuring Poverty in the United States
- Dr. John Iceland, Pennsylvania State University – Poverty in America 50 Years After the War on Poverty
- Dr. Colleen Heflin, University of Missouri – The War on Poverty and Material Hardship
PAA members presenting at a Congressional briefing on June 9, 2014. Dr. Linda A. Jacobsen, Population Reference Bureau, Dr. Kathleen Short, U.S. Census Bureau, Dr. Colleen Heflin, University of Missouri and Dr. John Iceland, Penn State University.
Representative Roybal-Allard (CA) (center) receiving the 2014 PAA Excellence in Public Service Award from Dr. Robert Bozick, RAND and Dr. Linda Jacobsen, Population Reference Bureau.
On March 10 and 11, 2014 a delegation of 11 PAA and APC members visited Capitol Hill to discuss the importance of population research.
On March 10 and 11, 2014, representatives from the Population Association of America and Association of Population Centers participated in the organizations' annual Capitol Hill Advocacy Days. These dedicated PAA members conducted over 30 meetings with key congressional staff, Members of Congress, and White House officials to advocate for the population sciences and the federal agencies that fund the field.
Top row from left to right: Dr. Jarron Saint Onge, University of Kansas; Dr. Robert Bozick, RAND; Dr. Kari White, University of Alabama, Birmingham; Dr. Linda Jacobsen, Population Reference Bureau; Mr. Stephen Tordello, Decision Demographics; Dr. Robert Wallace, University of Iowa; Dr. Wendy Baldwin and Dr. Daniel Lichter, Cornell.
July 31, 2013 – PAA member, Dr. Wendy Baldwin, speaks to over 100 Capitol Hill staff and medical research advocates
PAA member, Dr. Wendy Baldwin, spoke to over 100 Capitol Hill staff and medical research advocates on July 31 at a briefing, "NIH 101," sponsored by the Ad Hoc Group for Medical Research Funding. Dr. Baldwin provided an overview of the NIH organization and its peer review process.
May 7, 2013 – Coalition for National Science Funding Exhibition
Dr. Janet Gornick represented PAA and APC at the 19th Annual Coalition for National Science Funding Exhibition in Washington, DC. The purpose of the event was to educate members of Congress, congressional staff and other federal employees about the breadth and significance of scientific research supported by the National Science Foundation.
Dr. Gornick presented the Luxembourg Income Study, a cross-national data center that enables comparative research on socio-economic outcomes and on the institutional factors that shape those outcomes.
Link to her poster: Luxembourg Income Study, Cross National Data Center
More information about the CNSF exhibit is available at http://www.cnsfweb.org/.
Dr. Janet Gornick with Congressman Rush Holt
Dr. Janet Gornick with NSF Acting Director Cora Marrett
April 25, 2013 – Dr. Elizabeth Frankenberg represents PAA at Congressional Briefing sponsored by the House Research and Development Caucus.
PAA member, Dr. Elizabeth Frankenberg (on right) waiting her turn to speak at congressional briefing sponsored by the House Research and Development Caucus. Also pictured (left to right) Dr. Howard Silver, Executive Director, Consortium of Social Science Associations, and Congressman Rush Holt (NJ).
February 1, 2013 – PAA Briefing on Capitol Hill: Immigration and the Foreign-Born Workforce in the United States
Immigration reform is expected to top the legislative agenda of the 113th Congress. How this complicated, multifaceted issue will be addressed is uncertain. Policymakers disagree on a wide variety of immigration policies from boarder enforcement to legalization to pathways to citizenship. One significant debate involves authorized (largely high-skilled) and unauthorized (largely low-skilled) foreign-born workers.
In the briefing on February 1, PAA experts provided the demographic backdrop for these policy discussions.
Our expert speakers described the changes in the size, origins and distribution of the foreign-born population between 1960 and 2010.They also shared what we know about the high-skilled and low-skilled foreign-born population in the United States.
Dr. Elizabeth M. Grieco, Chief, Foreign-Born Population Branch, U.S. Census Bureau – The Size, Place of Birth, and Geographic Distribution of the Foreign-Born Population in the United States: 1960 to 2010
Dr. B. Lindsay Lowell, Director of Policy Studies, Institute for the Study of International Migration, Georgetown University – Immigration and the Highly Skilled Foreign-Born Workforce in the United States
October 24, 2012 – Congressional Visits
Juliane Baron (far left) and Mary Jo Hoeksema (not pictured) joined other members of the Coalition for Health Funding for Congressional visits to ask Members to act now – in a balanced approach – to stop sequestration.
July 16, 2012 – Dr. Elizabeth Cooksey represents PAA and APC at congressional reception celebrating 50 years of research at the NICHD
On July 12, Dr. Elizabeth Cooksey represented PAA and APC at a congressional reception to celebrate 50 years of research at the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development. Dr. Cooksey presented a poster titled: “The NLSY79 Child and Young Adult Survey.”
Elizabeth Cooksey, Professor, Department of Sociology, Ohio State University (pictured right) and Dr. Rosalind King, Program Scientist, NICHD
PAA Excellence in Public Service Award presented to Representative David Price (NC) On March 27, 2012
Past PAA Presidents Dr. Rob Mare (far left) and Dr. David Lam (second from left) along with President-elect Dr. Christine Bachrach delivered the PAA Excellence in Public Service Award to Congressman David Price (D-NC) (holding award). Congressman Price was chosen for his commitment to population research and the federal agencies that support it.
April 19 Webinar – How Are Children Faring?
What the New Supplemental Poverty Measure Tells Us
What do we know about children living in poverty in the U.S.? And what programs and policies are succeeding in lifting them out of poverty? Find out in this informative webinar hosted by the Population Association of America.
The U.S. Census Bureau released the long-awaited Supplemental Poverty Measure (SPM) last November. Designed to complement the official U.S. poverty measure (first published in 1964), the SPM provides policymakers and researchers with a more complete and accurate picture of poverty in America, including in-kind benefits received, necessary expenses (like child and health care), changing family structures, geographic differences and more.
In 2010, the official poverty measure recorded 46.6 million people in poverty, whereas the SPM reflected 49.1 million in poverty — indicating more people are living in poverty. Interestingly, however, poverty rates for children under 18 are lower with the SPM.
Our speakers will compared the SPM and the official poverty measure, showed what these measures reveal about poor children, and explained how the SPM can better evaluate the impact of federal programs and policies designed to reduce poverty.
- Dr. David S. Johnson, Chief, Social, Economic, and Housing Statistics Division, U.S. Census Bureau; Visiting Scholar, Russell Sage Foundation – presentation
- Dr. Timothy Smeeding, Arts and Sciences Distinguished Professor of Public Affairs and Economics, University of Wisconsin- Madison; Director, Institute for Research on Poverty - presentation
- Dr. Jane Waldfogel, Compton Foundation Centennial Professor of Social Work for the Prevention of Children’s and Youth Problems and Professor of Public Affairs, Columbia University; Visiting Professor, London School of Economics - presentation
Capital Hill Visits
On March 26 and 27, a delegation of 11 selected PAA and APC members visited 45 Capitol Hill offices. The delegation also met with the Chief Statistician at OMB and a Division Director at NSF Social, Behavioral and Economic Division.
The delegation communicated PAA and APC support for funding for federal agencies supporting demographic research and key population data sets. These meetings will help to protect the agencies and data sets that PAA and APC members depend on to conduct research critical to inform policy.
December 13 Webinar – Balancing Employment with Child and Elder Care: The Implications of Changing Workplaces and Families
In 1960, when only a quarter of married mothers were in the labor force, mothers typically managed the care of their children. Today, with 70 percent of married mothers working, both parents must balance the needs of the children with responsibilities at work. At the same time, our aging population has increased elder care demands on working families.
What do we know about the impact of this balancing act on quality of care and workforce productivity?
In this important webinar, national experts discussed how the U.S. workforce and family have changed in recent decades and how these changes are affecting the ability of workers to manage career and family care responsibilities.
- Jennifer Cheeseman Day, U.S. Census Bureau – presentation
- Nancy Folbre, University of Massachusetts – presentation
- Douglas Wolf, Syracuse University – presentation
The Demographics of Disasters: Informing Recovery Decisions
Disasters like the earthquakes in Haiti and Japan and the flooding and tornadoes across the southern U.S. take lives and devastate communities every year. Long after the media moves on to the next topic, recovery efforts continue—often for many years. What do we know about the affected individuals and communities? How do assistance programs use data to understand a community’s short- and long-term recovery needs?
Speakers discussed how disasters impact the size, make-up, and well-being of affected individuals and communities.
- Mr. Russ Paulsen, Executive Director for Hurricane Recovery at the American Red Cross, explained how relief organizations use data to assess recovery needs.
- Dr. Elizabeth Frankenberg from Duke University presented her findings on the aftermath of the Sumatra tsunami. Presentation
- Dr. Mark VanLandingham from Tulane University discussed his research on recovery after Hurricane Katrina. Presentation
Congressional Research Service Seminar
On July 12, 2010, the Population Association of America (PAA) sponsored a seminar, “The Long-Term Implications of Recession and Recovery,” in conjunction with the Domestic Social Policy (DSP) Division at the Congressional Research Service (CRS). This was the second in a series of seminars PAA is sponsoring for the CRS. CRS is a department of the Library of Congress that provides authoritative, non-partisan, and objective information to members of Congress and their staffs.
The seminar featured two former PAA presidents, Dr. Greg Duncan and Dr. Kathleen Mullan Harris. Dr. Duncan, of the University of California at Irvine, discussed findings from his research, using the Panel Study of Income Dynamics, showing how economic hardships in childhood influence earnings over the life course. Dr. Harris, of the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, presented data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health, illustrating how the recession affects young adults transitioning to higher education or the workforce. Mr. Gene Falk, Specialist in Social Legislation, DSP, CRS, provided commentary, highlighting how the research findings relate to current debates about policies affecting needy families, children, and youth. Over 50 analysts from DSP, as well as other CRS divisions, attended the seminar. Their questions addressed the application of the findings and the underlying surveys. For example, there were several questions about the respondents’ demographics and the surveys’ definitions. The analysts also asked Dr. Duncan and Dr. Harris’ for their opinions on how certain policy changes, such as health insurance reform, could impact young adults and children affected by the current recession. Funding for the seminar series is available from the PAA Development Campaign.
A weak economy touches almost every American family. While headlines suggest the country is recovering slowly from the most recent economic crisis, it is important to understand the short and long-term consequences of economic recessions. The Population Association of America invited a panel of distinguished researchers to present their findings, demonstrating how economic downturns affect the most vulnerable U.S. populations: children, young adults, and older Americans.
Dr. Greg Duncan, University of California – Irvine, discussed his findings, based on data from the Panel Study of Income Dynamics, showing how economic hardships in childhood influence earnings over the life course.
The Long Reach of Early Childhood Poverty
Dr. Kathleen Mullan Harris, University of North Carolina presented data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health, illustrating how the current economic downturn affects young adults transitioning to higher education or the workforce.
Impact of Recession on Young Adults
Dr. Michael Hurd, RAND Corporation shared his findings from the RAND American Life Panel and the Health and Retirement Study, to explain how elderly Americans have fared during the current economic crisis.
Effects of the Recession on American Households
Dr. Matthew Stagner, University of Chicago moderated the event.
Hot Times in the City: The Impact of Climate Change in an Increasingly Urban World – April 9, 2010
A worldwide trend toward urban population growth suggests that the threat posed by climate change to populations living in cities warrants particular attention by policy makers, scientists and the environmental community. As the Senate continues to grapple with the many issues surrounding the climate change debate, PAA brought attention to an aspect of the issue that is often overlooked — the impact that shifts in the population, particularly growth in urban areas, may have on the environment. On April 9, 2010 three national experts made the following presentations:
- Mark Montgomery, State University of New York – Stony Brook and Population Council, described urban population trends and how the size, composition and distributions of populations may impact climate change adaptation.
City Growth in Poor Countries: Urban Dwellers Face Climate-Related Risks
- Deborah Balk, City University of New York Institute for Demographic Research, and School of Public Affairs, Baruch College, addressed the ways to limit the threat of climate change to urban populations, particularly those living in coastal zones or arid cities.
The Rising Tide? Urban Population and Climate Change
- Brian O’Neill, Institute for the Study of Society and Environment at the National Center for Atmospheric Research , focused on the ways in which demographic trends may affect future emissions and mitigation efforts.
The Impact of Demographic Change on Carbon Emissions
- Ms. Juliet Eilperin moderated the briefing. Since 2004 Ms. Eilperin has covered the environment and oceans for the Washington Post newspaper.
The Health and Retirement Study – December 9, 2009
Demographics and the Future of Transportation Policy
The United States is experiencing dramatic demographics changes that are reshaping our nation and redefining our needs. Our senior population is projected to grow by 36 percent from 2010 to 2020. Members of minority groups are expected to constitute a majority of the population by 2042. In addition, U.S. household size continues to decrease and is projected to fall below 2.5 by 2020. To prepare for these changes, we need a visionary transportation bill that provides all Americans with options while reflecting the shifting composition of our population. On June 8, 2009 three speakers looked at the implications of demographic changes on our transportation system and asked what we can do to make the best decisions as Congress discusses the next transportation bill.
- Geoff Anderson, President and CEO, Smart Growth America & Transportation for America
- Peter Morrison, Senior Demographer, RAND
Demographic Factors Shaping Personal Transportation Needs
- Leobardo Estrada, Professor of Urban Planning, UCLA and AARP board member
Transportation for an Aging America
- Paul Bishop, Managing Director of Research, National Association of Realtors
Demographics and the Future of Transportation Policy: Real Estate Market Prospective
Africa’s Future: Improving the Health of Mothers and Children – June 5, 2009
Every year, 265,000 mothers die in childbirth and 4.5 million children die before the age of 5 from preventable causes in sub-Saharan Africa. To discuss these stark facts and the benefits of family planning programs for the health of mothers and children, three researchers were part of a congressional briefing on June 5, 2009.
- John Bongaarts, Vice President and Distinguished Scholar at the Population Council. Population Growth and Policy Options in Sub-Saharan Africa.
- Jotham Musinguzi, regional director of Partners in Population and Development, Africa Regional Office in Uganda. Uganda’s Future: Improving the Health of Mother’s and Children.
- Nafissatou (Nafy) Diop, reproductive health and family planning technical advisor and country director for the Population Council in Senegal. Maternal and Newborn Mortality: A Challenge for Africa.
PAA 2009 Fact Sheet: Reproductive Health in Africa — Meeting the Need
CNSF Exhibition 2009 – March 24, 2009
Dr. Narayan Sastry represented PAA and APC at the 15th Annual Coalition for National Science Funding Capitol Exhibition in Washington, DC. The purpose of the event was to educate members of Congress, congressional staff and other federal employees about the breadth and significance of scientific research supported by the National Science Foundation.
Dr. Sastry presented his work on the Panel of Income Dynamics, a nationally representative, longitudinal survey of U.S. households that began in 1968, with an original sample of 4,800 families. The PSID collects a broad array of economic, social, health, housing, family demographics and changes, aging, child development, employment and education.
More information about the CNSF exhibit is available at http://www.cnsfweb.org/.
The Ailing Economy: How Do Census Data Help? – February 23, 2009
Most U.S. economic surveys and indicators are grounded in data produced by the U.S. Census Bureau. Without these data sources, which include the decennial census, American Community Survey, Current Population Survey and others, it would be impossible to identify and interpret key economic trends. At a briefing co-sponsored by PAA and APC co-sponsored on February 23. Dr. Linda Jacobsen, Dr. Joseph Salvo, Dr. Pelletiere and Dr. Naymark discussed how they use census data, for example, to allocate programmatic funds, make marketing and investment decisions, and analyze developments in the U.S. housing market.
- Linda Jacobsen, Vice President of Domestic Programs, Population Reference Bureau. The Ailing Economy: How Do Census Data Help?
- Joan Naymark, Director; Information and Analytics, Market Research and Analysis, Target Corporation. 2010 Census-The Ailing Economy: How Do Census Data Help?
- Danilo Pelletiere, Research Director; National Low Income Housing Coalition. The Importance of the Census to Housing Policy
- Joseph Salvo, Director; Population Division New York City Department of City Planning. The Importance of the 2010 Census-The Local Government Perspective
CNSF Exhibition 2008
Dr. Duncan Thomas represented PAA and APC at the 14th Annual Coalition for National Science Funding Capitol Exhibition in Washington, DC. The purpose of the event was to educate members of Congress, congressional staff and other federal employees about the breadth and significance of scientific research supported by the National Science Foundation.
Dr. Thomas presented his work on the social and economic effects of the December 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami, focusing on the population in Sumatra, Indonesia. His work has important implications for understanding the diagnosis and duration of post-traumatic stress reactivity.
More information about the CNSF exhibit is available at http://www.cnsfweb.org/.
Why Population Aging Matters: A Global Perspective
- Joseph Chamie – Why Population Aging Matters-Demographic Overview
- Lisa Berkman – Social Determinants of Health and Aging
- Adele M. Hayutin – Labor Force Implications and Pension Vulnerabilities
- James P. Smith – International Comparative Data for Research and Policy Aging
CNSF Exhibition 2007
Immigration and Child Health Policy: Implications for SCHIP Reauthorization — April 20, 2007
- Randy Capps, The Urban Institute – Demographics of Children in Immigrant Families
- Leighton Ku, The Center on Budget and Policy Priorities – Health Care and Immigrant Children
- Cindy Mann, Georgetown University, Health Policy Institute – The Implications for SCHIP Reauthorization
Changing Demographics of the Middle East: How Policies and Programs Affect Stability in the Region
Power Point Presentations from February 2007 Briefing:
- John Bongaarts — Demography of the Middle East
- Farzaneh Roudi — Case Study on Iran: The Success of the Primary Health Care Network
- Alan Hill — Demographic and Health Prospects in the Occupied Palestinian Territory